The company was born in 1946 under the name of Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo with the union of two men, Masaru Ibuka, an engineer, and Akio Morita, physicist. Its history takes a turn in 1954, when it markets in Japan the first transistors, invented six years rather in the United States. A number of innovations will follow, such TV (1960), as the color video cassette (1971), the video recorder (1975), the walkman (1979), or smartphone (2003) which will drive the Japanese company's global development. The firm takes the name of Sony from 1958.
Sony launches late in the video game market against its competitors. In 1977, Atari launched its first console, the Atari 2600, while in 1983, Nintendo markets the Faticom (NES in Europe and the United States) which is a real success. Sony then released the MSX-2 in 1985, but is considered a microcomputer. In 86, SEGA released its first console: the Master System. It was not until 1994 before Sony's first console came into being. It is born of a dispute with the one who becomes thereafter its eternal competitor, Nintendo. Here is the little story as we know it today.
Following the release of its console, the Famicom, Nintendo is interested in a new format for its video games. It appears that the CD-ROM has interesting features. Nintendo then gets closer to Sony, and has a contract to develop this new support, named the Play Station. Nintendo then intends to announce the add-on CD for the SNES at the CES in June 1982 (major electronics show that still exists today). But, reading the original contract dating from 1988, the boss of Nintendo, Hiroshi Yamauchi, realizes that Sony has full control over the support and its exploitation rights. Impossible situation for Nintendo that cancels all the collaboration with Sony, and refers to a contract with Phillips (the contract had been proposed to both companies). Sony, shocked during the announcement at CES, decides accordingly to play solo! Under the aegis of Ken Kuturagi, Japanese engineer, Sony will release its own console, the PlayStation.
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