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A watch is a portable timepiece intended to be carried or worn by a person. It is designed to keep a consistent movement despite the motions caused by the person's activities. A wristwatch is designed to be worn around the wrist, attached by a watch strap or other type of bracelet, including metal bands, leather straps or any other kind of bracelet. A pocket watch is designed for a person to carry in a pocket, often attached to a chain.

Watches were developed in the 17th century from spring-powered clocks, which appeared as early as the 14th century. During most of its history the watch was a mechanical device, driven by clockwork, powered by winding a mainspring, and keeping time with an oscillating balance wheel. These are called mechanical watches. In the 1960s the electronic quartz watch was invented, which was powered by a battery and kept time with a vibrating quartz crystal. By the 1980s the quartz watch had taken over most of the market from the mechanical watch. Historically, this is called the quartz revolution (also known as quartz crisis in Swiss). Developments in the 2010s include smartwatches, which are elaborate computer-like electronic devices designed to be worn on a wrist. They generally incorporate timekeeping functions, but these are only a small subset of the smartwatch's facilities.

In general, modern watches often display the day, date, month, and year. For mechanical watches, various extra features called "complications", such as moon-phase displays and the different types of tourbillon, are sometimes included. Most electronic quartz watches, on the other hand, include time-related features such as timers, chronographs and alarm functions. Furthermore, some modern watches (like smart watches) even incorporate calculators, GPS and Bluetooth technology or have heart-rate monitoring capabilities, and some of them use radio clock technology to regularly correct the time.

Today, most watches in the market that are inexpensive and medium priced, used mainly for timekeeping, have quartz movements. However, expensive collectible watches, valued more for their elaborate craftsmanship, aesthetic appeal, and glamorous design than for simple timekeeping, often have traditional mechanical movements, even though they are less accurate and more expensive than electronic ones. As of 2018, the most expensive watch ever sold at auction was the Patek Philippe Henry Graves Supercomplication, which is the world's most complicated mechanical watch until 1989, fetching USD 24 million (CHF 23,237,000) in Geneva on 11 November 2014. As of December 2019, the most expensive watch ever sold at auction (and wristwatch) is the Patek Philippe Grandmaster Chime Ref. 6300A-010, fetching USD 31.19 million (CHF 31,000,000) in Geneva on 9 November 2019.

Watches evolved from portable spring-driven clocks, which first appeared in 15th-century Europe. Watches were not widely worn in pockets until the 17th century. One account suggests that the word "watch" came from the Old English word woecce - which meant "watchman" - because town watchmen used the technology to keep track of their shifts at work. Another says that the term came from 17th-century sailors, who used the new mechanisms to time the length of their shipboard watches (duty shifts).

A great leap forward in accuracy occurred in 1657 with the addition of the balance spring to the balance wheel, an invention disputed both at the time and ever since between Robert Hooke and Christiaan Huygens. This innovation increased watches' accuracy enormously, reducing error from perhaps several hours per day to perhaps 10 minutes per day, resulting in the addition of the minute hand to the face from around 1680 in Britain and around 1700 in France.

The increased accuracy of the balance wheel focused attention on errors caused by other parts of the movement, igniting a two-century wave of watchmaking innovation. The first thing to be improved was the escapement. The verge escapement was replaced in quality watches by the cylinder escapement, invented by Thomas Tompion in 1695 and further developed by George Graham in the 1720s. Improvements in manufacturing - such as the tooth-cutting machine devised by Robert Hooke - allowed some increase in the volume of watch production, although finishing and assembling was still done by hand until well into the 19th century.

A major cause of error in balance-wheel timepieces, caused by changes in elasticity of the balance spring from temperature changes, was solved by the bimetallic temperature-compensated balance wheel invented in 1765 by Pierre Le Roy and improved by Thomas Earnshaw (1749-1829). The lever escapement, the single most important technological breakthrough, though invented by Thomas Mudge in 1759 and improved by Josiah Emery in 1785, only gradually came into use from about 1800 onwards, chiefly in Britain.

The British predominated in watch manufacture for much of the 17th and 18th centuries, but maintained a system of production that was geared towards high-quality products for the élite. Although the British Watch Company attempted to modernise clock manufacture with mass-production techniques and the application of duplicating tools and machinery in 1843, it was in the United States that this system took off. Aaron Lufkin Dennison started a factory in 1851 in Massachusetts that used interchangeable parts, and by 1861 a successful enterprise operated, incorporated as the Waltham Watch Company.

The concept of the wristwatch goes back to the production of the very earliest watches in the 16th century. In 1571 Elizabeth I of England received a wristwatch, described as an "armed watch", from Robert Dudley. The oldest surviving wristwatch (then described as a "bracelet watch") is one made in 1806 and given to Joséphine de Beauharnais. From the beginning, wristwatches were almost exclusively worn by women - men used pocket watches up until the early-20th century. The first wristwatch is believed to be made by the watch-maker Abraham-Louis Breguet in the year 1810 and sold to the Queen of Naples on 5 December 1811 [1] and the first Swiss wristwatch was made by the Swiss watch-maker Patek Philippe, in the year 1868 for Countess Koscowicz of Hungary.[2][3]

Military men first wore wristwatches towards the end of the 19th century, having increasingly recognized the importance of synchronizing maneuvers during war without potentially revealing plans to the enemy through signaling. The Garstin Company of London patented a "Watch Wristlet" design in 1893, but probably produced similar designs from the 1880s. Officers in the British Army began using wristwatches during colonial military campaigns in the 1880s, such as during the Anglo-Burma War of 1885. During the First Boer War of 1880-1881 the importance of coordinating troop movements and synchronizing attacks against highly mobile Boer insurgents became paramount, and the use of wristwatches subsequently became widespread among the officer class. The company Mappin & Webb began production of their successful "campaign watch" for soldiers during the campaign in the Sudan in 1898 and accelerated production for the Second Boer War of 1899-1902 a few years later. In continental Europe, Girard-Perregaux and other Swiss watchmakers began supplying German naval officers with wristwatches in about 1880.

Early models were essentially standard pocket-watches fitted to a leather strap, but by the early 20th century, manufacturers began producing purpose-built wristwatches. The Swiss company Dimier Frères & Cie patented a wristwatch design with the now standard wire lugs in 1903.

In 1904, Louis Cartier produced a wristwatch to allow his friend Alberto Santos-Dumont to check flight performance in his airship while keeping both hands on the controls as this proved difficult with a pocket watch. Cartier still markets a line of Santos-Dumont watches and sunglasses.

In 1905, Hans Wilsdorf moved to London and set up his own business, Wilsdorf & Davis, with his brother-in-law Alfred Davis, providing quality timepieces at affordable prices; the company became Rolex in 1915. Wilsdorf was an early convert to the wristwatch, and contracted the Swiss firm Aegler to produce a line of wristwatches.

The impact of the First World War of 1914-1918 dramatically shifted public perceptions on the propriety of the man's wristwatch and opened up a mass market in the postwar era. The creeping barrage artillery tactic, developed during the war, required precise synchronization between the artillery gunners and the infantry advancing behind the barrage. Service watches produced during the war were specially designed[by whom?] for the rigours of trench warfare, with luminous dials and unbreakable glass. The War Office began issuing wristwatches to combatants from 1917. By the end of the war, almost all enlisted men wore a wristwatch, and after they were demobilized the fashion soon caught on: the British Horological Journal wrote in 1917 that "the wristlet watch was little used by the sterner sex before the war, but now is seen on the wrist of nearly every man in uniform and of many men in civilian attire". By 1930 the ratio of wristwatches to pocket watches was 50 to 1. John Harwood invented the first successful self-winding system in 1923.

The Elgin National Watch Company and the Hamilton Watch Company pioneered the first electric watch The first electric movements used a battery as a power source to oscillate the balance wheel. During the 1950s Elgin developed the model 725 while Hamilton released two models: the first, the Hamilton 500, released on 3 January 1957, was produced into 1959. This model had problems with the contact wires misaligning, and the watches returned to Hamilton for alignment. The Hamilton 505, an improvement on the 500, proved more reliable: the contact wires were removed and a non-adjustable contact on the balance assembly delivered the power to the balance wheel. Similar designs from many other watch companies followed. Another type of electric watch was developed[by whom?] that used a tuning-fork resonator instead of a traditional balance wheel to increase timekeeping accuracy, moving from 2.5–5 Hz with a traditional balance wheel to 360 Hz with the tuning-fork design.

The commercial introduction of the quartz watch in 1969 in the form of the Seiko Astron 35SQ and in 1970 in the form of the Omega Beta 21 was a revolutionary improvement in watch technology.[citation needed] In place of a balance wheel which oscillated at perhaps 5 or 6 beats per second, these devices used a quartz-crystal resonator which vibrated at 8,192 Hz, driven by a battery-powered oscillator circuit. Most quartz-watch oscillators now operate at 32,768 Hz, although quartz movements have been designed[by whom?] with frequencies as high as 262 kHz. Since the 1980s, more quartz watches than mechanical ones have been marketed.[citation needed]

A movement of a watch is the mechanism that measures the passage of time and displays the current time (and possibly other information including date, month, and day). Movements may be entirely mechanical, entirely electronic (potentially with no moving parts), or they might be a blend of both. Most watches intended mainly for timekeeping today have electronic movements, with mechanical hands on the watch face indicating the time.

Compared to electronic movements, mechanical watches are less accurate, often with errors of seconds per day, and they are sensitive to position, temperature and magnetism. They are also costly to produce, require regular maintenance and adjustments, and are more prone to failures. Nevertheless, the craftsmanship of mechanical watches still attracts interest from part of the watch-buying public, especially among the watch collectors. Skeleton watches are designed to leave the mechanism visible for aesthetic purposes.

A mechanical movement uses an escapement mechanism to control and limit the unwinding and winding parts of a spring, converting what would otherwise be a simple unwinding into a controlled and periodic energy release. A mechanical movement also uses a balance wheel together with the balance spring (also known as a hairspring) to control the motion of the gear system of the watch in a manner analogous to the pendulum of a pendulum clock. The tourbillon, an optional part for mechanical movements, is a rotating frame for the escapement, which is used to cancel out or reduce the effects of gravitational bias to the timekeeping. Due to the complexity of designing a tourbillon, they are very expensive, and only found in prestigious watches.

The pin-lever escapement (called the Roskopf movement after its inventor, Georges Frederic Roskopf), which is a cheaper version of the fully levered movement, was manufactured in huge quantities by many Swiss manufacturers as well as by Timex, until it was replaced by quartz movements.

Tuning-fork watches use a type of electromechanical movement. Introduced by Bulova in 1960, they use a tuning fork with a precise frequency (most often 360 hertz) to drive a mechanical watch. The task of converting electronically pulsed fork vibration into rotary movements is done via two tiny jeweled fingers, called pawls. Tuning-fork watches were rendered obsolete when electronic quartz watches were developed. Quartz watches were cheaper to produce besides being more accurate.

Traditional mechanical watch movements use a spiral spring called a mainspring as a power source. In manual watches the spring must be rewound periodically by the user by turning the watch crown. Antique pocketwatches were wound by inserting a separate key into a hole in the back of the watch and turning it. Most modern watches are designed to run 40 hours on a winding and thus must be wound daily, but some run for several days and a few have 192-hour mainsprings and are wound weekly.

A self-winding or automatic watch is one that rewinds the mainspring of a mechanical movement by the natural motions of the wearer's body. The first self-winding mechanism was invented for pocket watches in 1770 by Abraham-Louis Perrelet, but the first "self-winding", or "automatic", wristwatch was the invention of a British watch repairer named John Harwood in 1923. This type of watch winds itself without requiring any special action by the wearer. It uses an eccentric weight, called a winding rotor, which rotates with the movement of the wearer's wrist. The back-and-forth motion of the winding rotor couples to a ratchet to wind the mainspring automatically. Self-winding watches usually can also be wound manually to keep them running when not worn or if the wearer's wrist motions are inadequate to keep the watch wound.

In April 2014 the Swatch Group launched the sistem51 wristwatch. It has a purely mechanical movement consisting of only 51 parts, including a novel self-winding mechanism with a transparent oscillating weight. So far, it is the only mechanical movement manufactured entirely on a fully automated assembly line. The low parts count and the automated assembly make it an inexpensive mechanical Swiss watch, which can be considered a successor to Roskopf movements, although of higher quality.

Electronic movements, also known as quartz movements, have few or no moving parts, except a quartz crystal which is made to vibrate by the piezoelectric effect. A varying electric voltage is applied to the crystal, which responds by changing its shape so, in combination with some electronic components, it functions as an oscillator. It resonates at a specific highly stable frequency, which is used to accurately pace a timekeeping mechanism. Most quartz movements are primarily electronic but are geared to drive mechanical hands on the face of the watch to provide a traditional analog display of the time, a feature most consumers still prefer.

In 1959 Seiko placed an order with Epson (a subsidiary company of Seiko and the 'brain' behind the quartz revolution) to start developing a quartz wristwatch. The project was codenamed 59A. By the 1964 Tokyo Summer Olympics, Seiko had a working prototype of a portable quartz watch which was used as the time measurements throughout the event.

The first prototypes of an electronic quartz wristwatch (not just portable quartz watches as the Seiko timekeeping devices at the Tokyo Olympics in 1964) were made by the CEH research laboratory in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. From 1965 through 1967 pioneering development work was done on a miniaturized 8192 Hz quartz oscillator, a thermo-compensation module, and an in-house-made, dedicated integrated circuit (unlike the hybrid circuits used in the later Seiko Astron wristwatch). As a result, the BETA 1 prototype set new timekeeping performance records at the International Chronometric Competition held at the Observatory of Neuchâtel in 1967. In 1970, 18 manufacturers exhibited production versions of the beta 21 wristwatch, including the Omega Electroquartz as well as Patek Philippe, Rolex Oysterquartz and Piaget.

The first quartz watch to enter production was the Seiko 35 SQ Astron, which hit the shelves on 25 December 1969, swiftly followed by the Swiss Beta 21, and then a year later the prototype of one of the world's most accurate wristwatches to date: the Omega Marine Chronometer. Since the technology having been developed by contributions from Japanese, American and Swiss, nobody could patent the whole movement of the quartz wristwatch, thus allowing other manufacturers to participate in the rapid growth and development of the quartz watch market. This ended—in less than a decade—almost 100 years of dominance by the mechanical wristwatch legacy. Modern quartz movements are produced in very large quantities, and even the cheapest wristwatches typically have quartz movements. Whereas mechanical movements can typically be off by several seconds a day, an inexpensive quartz movement in a child's wristwatch may still be accurate to within half a second per day—ten times more accurate than a mechanical movement.

After a consolidation of the mechanical watch industry in Switzerland during the 1970s, mass production of quartz wristwatches took off under the leadership of the Swatch Group of companies, a Swiss conglomerate with vertical control of the production of Swiss watches and related products. For quartz wristwatches, subsidiaries of Swatch manufacture watch batteries (Renata), oscillators (Oscilloquartz, now Micro Crystal AG) and integrated circuits (Ebauches Electronic SA, renamed EM Microelectronic-Marin). The launch of the new SWATCH brand in 1983 was marked by bold new styling, design, and marketing. Today, the Swatch Group maintains its position as the world's largest watch company.

Seiko's efforts to combine the quartz and mechanical movements bore fruit after 20 years of research, leading to the introduction of the Seiko Spring Drive, first in a limited domestic market production in 1999 and to the world in September 2005. The Spring Drive keeps time within quartz standards without the use of a battery, using a traditional mechanical gear train powered by a spring, without the need for a balance wheel either.

In 2010, Miyota (Citizen Watch) of Japan introduced a newly developed movement that uses a 3-pronged quartz crystal that was exclusively produced for Bulova to be used in the Precisionist or Accutron II line, a new type of quartz watch with ultra-high frequency (262.144 kHz) which is claimed to be accurate to +/− 10 seconds a year and has a smooth sweeping second hand rather than one that jumps each second.

Radio time signal watches are a type of electronic quartz watch that synchronizes (time transfers) its time with an external time source such as in atomic clocks, time signals from GPS navigation satellites, the German DCF77 signal in Europe, WWVB in the US, and others. Movements of this type may—among others—synchronize the time of day and the date, the leap-year status and the state of daylight saving time (on or off). However, other than the radio receiver, these watches are normal quartz watches in all other aspects.

Electronic watches require electricity as a power source, and some mechanical movements and hybrid electronic-mechanical movements also require electricity. Usually, the electricity is provided by a replaceable battery. The first use of electrical power in watches was as a substitute for the mainspring, to remove the need for winding. The first electrically powered watch, the Hamilton Electric 500, was released in 1957 by the Hamilton Watch Company of Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

Watch batteries (strictly speaking cells, as a battery is composed of multiple cells) are specially designed for their purpose. They are very small and provide tiny amounts of power continuously for very long periods (several years or more). In most cases, replacing the battery requires a trip to a watch-repair shop or watch dealer; this is especially true for watches that are water-resistant, as special tools and procedures are required for the watch to remain water-resistant after battery replacement. Silver-oxide and lithium batteries are popular today; mercury batteries, formerly quite common, are no longer used, for environmental reasons. Cheap batteries may be alkaline, of the same size as silver-oxide cells but providing shorter life. Rechargeable batteries are used in some solar-powered watches.

Some electronic watches are powered by the movement of the wearer. For instance, Seiko's kinetic-powered quartz watches use the motion of the wearer's arm: turning a rotating weight which causes a tiny generator to supply power to charge a rechargeable battery that runs the watch. The concept is similar to that of self-winding spring movements, except that electrical power is generated instead of mechanical spring tension.

Solar powered watches are powered by light. A photovoltaic cell on the face (dial) of the watch converts light to electricity, which is used to charge a rechargeable battery or capacitor. The movement of the watch draws its power from the rechargeable battery or capacitor. As long as the watch is regularly exposed to fairly strong light (such as sunlight), it never needs a battery replacement. Some models need only a few minutes of sunlight to provide weeks of energy (as in the Citizen Eco-Drive). Some of the early solar watches of the 1970s had innovative and unique designs to accommodate the array of solar cells needed to power them (Synchronar, Nepro, Sicura, and some models by Cristalonic, Alba, Seiko, and Citizen). As the decades progressed and the efficiency of the solar cells increased while the power requirements of the movement and display decreased, solar watches began to be designed to look like other conventional watches.

A rarely used power source is the temperature difference between the wearer's arm and the surrounding environment (as applied in the Citizen Eco-Drive Thermo).

Traditionally, watches have displayed the time in analog form, with a numbered dial upon which are mounted at least a rotating hour hand and a longer, rotating minute hand. Many watches also incorporate a third hand that shows the current second of the current minute. In quartz watches this second hand typically snaps to the next marker every second. In mechanical watches, the second hand may appear to glide continuously, though in fact it merely moves in smaller steps, typically 1/5 of a second, corresponding to the beat (half period) of the balance wheel. With a duplex escapement, the hand advances every two beats (full period) of the balance wheel, typically ½-second; this happens every four beats (two periods, 1 second), with a double duplex escapement. A truly gliding second hand is achieved with the tri-synchro regulator of Spring Drive watches. All three hands are normally mechanical, physically rotating on the dial, although a few watches have been produced with "hands" simulated by a liquid-crystal display.

Analog display of the time is nearly universal in watches sold as jewelry or collectibles, and in these watches, the range of different styles of hands, numbers, and other aspects of the analog dial is very broad. In watches sold for timekeeping, analog display remains very popular, as many people find it easier to read than digital display; but in timekeeping watches the emphasis is on clarity and accurate reading of the time under all conditions (clearly marked digits, easily visible hands, large watch faces, etc.). They are specifically designed for the left wrist with the stem (the knob used for changing the time) on the right side of the watch; this makes it easy to change the time without removing the watch from the wrist. This is the case if one is right-handed and the watch is worn on the left wrist (as is traditionally done). If one is left-handed and wears the watch on the right wrist, one has to remove the watch from the wrist to reset the time or to wind the watch.

Analog watches, as well as clocks, are often marketed showing a display time of approximately 1:50 or 10:10. This creates a visually pleasing smile-like face on the upper half of the watch, in addition to enclosing the manufacturer's name. Digital displays often show a time of 12:08, where the increase in the number of active segments or pixels gives a positive feeling.

Tissot, a Swiss luxury watchmaker, makes the Silen-T wristwatch with a touch-sensitive face that vibrates to help the user to tell time eyes-free. The bezel of the watch features raised bumps at each hour mark; after briefly touching the face of the watch, the wearer runs a finger around the bezel clockwise. When the finger reaches the bump indicating the hour, the watch vibrates continuously, and when the finger reaches the bump indicating the minute, the watch vibrates intermittently.

Eone Timepieces, Washington D.C.-based company, launched its first tactile analog wristwatch, the "Bradley", on 11 July 2013 on the Kickstarter website. The device is primarily designed for sight-impaired users, who can use the watch's two ball bearings to determine the time, but it is also suitable for general use. The watch features raised marks at each hour and two moving, magnetically attached ball bearings. One ball bearing, on the edge of the watch, indicates the hour, while the other, on the face, indicates the minute.

A digital display shows the time as a number, e.g., 12:08 instead of a shorthand pointing towards the number 12 and a long hand 8/60 of the way around the dial. The digits are usually shown as a seven-segment display.

The first digital mechanical pocket watches appeared in the late 19th century. In the 1920s, the first digital mechanical wristwatches appeared.

The first digital electronic watch, a Pulsar LED prototype in 1970, was developed jointly by Hamilton Watch Company and Electro-Data, founded by George H. Thiess. John Bergey, the head of Hamilton's Pulsar division, said that he was inspired to make a digital timepiece by the then-futuristic digital clock that Hamilton themselves made for the 1968 science fiction film 2001: A Space Odyssey. On 4 April 1972, the Pulsar was finally ready, made in an 18-carat gold case and sold for $2,100. It had a red light-emitting diode (LED) display.

Digital LED watches were very expensive and out of reach to the common consumer until 1975, when Texas Instruments started to mass-produce LED watches inside a plastic case. These watches, which first retailed for only $20, reduced to $10 in 1976, saw Pulsar lose $6 million and the Pulsar brand sold to Seiko.

An early LED watch that was rather problematic was The Black Watch made and sold by British company Sinclair Radionics in 1975. This was only sold for a few years, as production problems and returned (faulty) product forced the company to cease production.

Most watches with LED displays required that the user press a button to see the time displayed for a few seconds because LEDs used so much power that they could not be kept operating continuously. Usually, the LED display color would be red. Watches with LED displays were popular for a few years, but soon the LED displays were superseded by liquid crystal displays (LCDs), which used less battery power and were much more convenient in use, with the display always visible and eliminating the need to push a button before seeing the time. Only in darkness would a button needed to be pressed to illuminate the display with a tiny light bulb, later illuminating LEDs and electroluminescent backlights.

The first LCD watch with a six-digit LCD was the 1973 Seiko 06LC, although various forms of early LCD watches with a four-digit display were marketed as early as 1972 including the 1972 Gruen Teletime LCD Watch, and the Cox Electronic Systems Quarza. The Quarza, introduced in 1972 had the first Field Effect LCD readable in direct sunlight and produced by the International Liquid Crystal Corporation of Cleveland, Ohio. In Switzerland, Ebauches Electronic SA presented a prototype eight-digit LCD wristwatch showing time and date at the MUBA Fair, Basle, in March 1973, using a twisted nematic LCD manufactured by Brown, Boveri & Cie, Switzerland, which became the supplier of LCDs to Casio for the CASIOTRON watch in 1974.

A problem with Liquid Crystal Displays is that they use polarized light. If, for example, the user is wearing polarized sunglasses, the watch may be difficult to read because the plane of polarization of the display is roughly perpendicular to that of the glasses. If the light that illuminates the display is polarized, for example if it comes from a blue sky, the display may be difficult or impossible to read.

From the 1980s onward, digital watch technology vastly improved. In 1982, Seiko produced the Seiko TV Watch that had a television screen built-in, and Casio produced a digital watch with a thermometer (the TS-1000) as well as another that could translate 1,500 Japanese words into English. In 1985, Casio produced the CFX-400 scientific calculator watch. In 1987, Casio produced a watch that could dial telephone numbers (the DBA-800) and Citizen introduced one that would react to voice. In 1995, Timex released a watch that allowed the wearer to download and store data from a computer to their wrist. Some watches, such as the Timex Datalink USB, feature dot matrix displays. Since their apex during the late 1980s to mid-1990s high technology fad, digital watches have mostly become simpler, less expensive timepieces with little variety between models.

Cortébert digital mechanical pocket watch (1890s)

Cortébert digital mechanical wristwatch (1920s)

A silver Pulsar LED watch from 1976.

A Timex digital watch with an always-on display of the time and date

A Digital LCD watch with electroluminescent backlight.

Many watches have displays that are illuminated, so they can be used in darkness. Various methods have been used to achieve this.

Mechanical watches often have luminous paint on their hands and hour marks. In the mid-20th century, radioactive material was often incorporated in the paint, so it would continue to glow without any exposure to light. Radium was often used but produced small amounts of radiation outside the watch that might have been hazardous. Tritium was used as a replacement, since the radiation it produces has such low energy that it cannot penetrate a watch glass. However, tritium is expensive—it has to be made in a nuclear reactor—and it has a half-life of only about 12 years so the paint remains luminous for only a few years. Nowadays, tritium is used in specialized watches, e.g., for military purposes (See Tritium illumination). For other purposes, luminous paint is sometimes used on analog displays, but no radioactive material is contained in it. This means that the display glows soon after being exposed to light and quickly fades.

Watches that incorporate batteries often have the electric illumination of their displays. However, lights consume far more power than electronic watch movements. To conserve the battery, the light is activated only when the user presses a button. Usually, the light remains lit for a few seconds after the button is released, which allows the user to move the hand out of the way.

In some early digital watches, LED displays were used, which could be read as easily in darkness as in daylight. The user had to press a button to light up the LEDs, which meant that the watch could not be read without the button being pressed, even in full daylight.

In some types of watches, small incandescent lamps or LEDs illuminate the display, which is not intrinsically luminous. These tend to produce very non-uniform illumination.

Other watches use electroluminescent material to produce uniform illumination of the background of the display, against which the hands or digits can be seen.

Talking watches are available, intended for the blind or visually impaired. They speak the time out loud at the press of a button. This has the disadvantage of disturbing others nearby or at least alerting the non-deaf that the wearer is checking the time. Tactile watches are preferred to avoid this awkwardness, but talking watches are preferred for those who are not confident in their ability to read a tactile watch reliably.

Wristwatches with analog displays generally have a small knob, called the crown, that can be used to adjust the time and, in mechanical watches, wind the spring. Almost always, the crown is located on the right-hand side of the watch so it can be worn of the left wrist for a right-handed individual. This makes it inconvenient to use if the watch is being worn on the right wrist. Some manufacturers offer "left-hand drive", aka "destro", configured watches which move the crown to the left side making wearing the watch easier for left-handed individuals.

A rarer configuration is the bullhead watch. Bullhead watches are generally, but not exclusively, chronographs. The configuration moves the crown and chronograph pushers to the top of the watch. Bullheads are commonly wristwatch chronographs that are intended to be used as stopwatches off the wrist. Examples are the Citizen Bullhead Change Timer and the Omega Seamaster Bullhead.

Digital watches generally have push-buttons that can be used to make adjustments. These are usually equally easy to use on either wrist.

Customarily, watches provide the time of day, giving at least the hour and minute, and often the second. Many also provide the current date, and some (called "complete calendar" or "triple date" watches) display the day of the week and the month as well. However, many watches also provide a great deal of information beyond the basics of time and date. Some watches include alarms. Other elaborate and more expensive watches, both pocket and wrist models, also incorporate striking mechanisms or repeater functions, so that the wearer could learn the time by the sound emanating from the watch. This announcement or striking feature is an essential characteristic of true clocks and distinguishes such watches from ordinary timepieces. This feature is available on most digital watches.

A complicated watch has one or more functions beyond the basic function of displaying the time and the date; such a functionality is called a complication. Two popular complications are the chronograph complication, which is the ability of the watch movement to function as a stopwatch, and the moonphase complication, which is a display of the lunar phase. Other more expensive complications include Tourbillon, Perpetual calendar, Minute repeater, and Equation of time. A truly complicated watch has many of these complications at once (see Calibre 89 from Patek Philippe for instance). Some watches can both indicate the direction of Mecca and have alarms that can be set for all daily prayer requirements. Among watch enthusiasts, complicated watches are especially collectible. Some watches include a second 12-hour or 24-hour display for UTC or GMT.

The similar-sounding terms chronograph and chronometer are often confused, although they mean altogether different things. A chronograph is a watch with an added duration timer, often a stopwatch complication (as explained above), while a chronometer watch is a timepiece that has met an industry-standard test for performance under pre-defined conditions: a chronometer is a high quality mechanical or a thermo-compensated movement that has been tested and certified to operate within a certain standard of accuracy by the COSC (Contrôle Officiel Suisse des Chronomètres). The concepts are different but not mutually exclusive; so a watch can be a chronograph, a chronometer, both, or neither.

Many computerized wristwatches have been developed, but none have had long-term sales success, because they have awkward user interfaces due to the tiny screens and buttons, and short battery life. As miniaturized electronics became cheaper, watches have been developed containing calculators, tonometers, barometers, altimeters, a compass using both hands to show the N/S direction, video games, digital cameras, keydrives, GPS receivers and cellular phones. A few astronomical watches show phase of the Moon and other celestial phenomena. In the early 1980s Seiko marketed a watch with a television in it. Such watches have also had the reputation as unsightly and thus mainly geek toys. Several companies have however attempted to develop a computer contained in a wristwatch (see also wearable computer).

Electronic sports watches, combining timekeeping with GPS and/or activity tracking, address the general fitness market and have the potential for commercial success (Garmin forerunner, Garmin Vivofit, Epson, announced model of Swatch Touch series).

Braille watches have analog displays with raised bumps around the face to allow blind users to tell the time. Their digital equivalents use synthesised speech to speak the time on command.

Wristwatches and antique pocket watches are often appreciated as jewelry or as collectible works of art rather than just as timepieces. This has created several different markets for wristwatches, ranging from very inexpensive but accurate watches (intended for no other purpose than telling the correct time) to extremely expensive watches that serve mainly as personal adornment or as examples of high achievement in miniaturization and precision mechanical engineering.

Traditionally, dress watches appropriate for informal (business), semi-formal, and formal attire are gold, thin, simple, and plain, but increasingly rugged, complicated, or sports watches are considered by some to be acceptable for such attire. Some dress watches have a cabochon on the crown or faceted gemstones on the face, bezel, or bracelet. Some are made entirely of faceted sapphire (corundum).

Many fashions and department stores offer a variety of less-expensive, trendy, "costume" watches (usually for women), many of which are similar in quality to basic quartz timepieces but which feature bolder designs. In the 1980s, the Swiss Swatch company hired graphic designers to redesign a new annual collection of non-repairable watches.

Trade in counterfeit watches, which mimic expensive brand-name watches, constitutes an estimated US$1 billion market per year.

The zero-gravity environment and other extreme conditions encountered by astronauts in space require the use of specially tested watches.

The first-ever watch to be sent into space was a Russian "Pobeda" watch from the Petrodvorets Watch Factory. It was sent on a single orbit flight on the spaceship Korabl-Sputnik 4 on 9 March 1961. The watch had been attached without authorisation to the wrist of Chernuchka, a dog that successfully did exactly the same trip as Yuri Gagarin, with exactly the same rocket and equipment, just a month before Gagarin's flight.

On 12 April 1961, Yuri Gagarin wore a Shturmanskie (a transliteration of Штурманские which actually means "navigator's") wristwatch during his historic first flight into space. The Shturmanskie was manufactured at the First Moscow Factory. Since 1964, the watches of the First Moscow Factory have been marked by the trademark "Полёт", transliterated as "POLJOT", which means "flight" in Russian and is a tribute to the many space trips its watches have accomplished. In the late 1970s, Poljot launched a new chrono movement, the 3133. With a 23 jewel movement and manual winding (43 hours), it was a modified Russian version of the Swiss Valjoux 7734 of the early 1970s. Poljot 3133 were taken into space by astronauts from Russia, France, Germany and Ukraine. On the arm of Valeriy Polyakov, a Poljot 3133 chronograph movement-based watch set a space record for the longest space flight in history.

Through the 1960s, a large range of watches was tested for durability and precision under extreme temperature changes and vibrations. The Omega Speedmaster Professional was selected by NASA, the U.S space agency, and it is mostly known thanks to astronaut Buzz Aldrin who wore it during the moon landing, 1969. Heuer became the first Swiss watch in space thanks to a Heuer Stopwatch, worn by John Glenn in 1962 when he piloted the Friendship 7 on the first manned U.S. orbital mission. The Breitling Navitimer Cosmonaute was designed with a 24-hour analog dial to avoid confusion between AM and PM, which are meaningless in space. It was first worn in space by U.S. astronaut Scott Carpenter on 24 May 1962 in the Aurora 7 mercury capsule.

Since 1994 Fortis is the exclusive supplier for manned space missions authorized by the Russian Federal Space Agency. China National Space Administration (CNSA) astronauts wear the Fiyta spacewatches. At BaselWorld, 2008, Seiko announced the creation of the first watch ever designed specifically for a space walk, Spring Drive Spacewalk. Timex Datalink is flight certified by NASA for space missions and is one of the watches qualified by NASA for space travel. The Casio G-Shock DW-5600C and 5600E, DW 6900, and DW 5900 are Flight-Qualified for NASA space travel.

Various Timex Datalink models were used both by cosmonauts and astronauts.

Watches may be crafted to become water-resistant. These watches are sometimes called diving watches when they are suitable for scuba diving or saturation diving. The International Organization for Standardization issued a standard for water-resistant watches which also prohibits the term "waterproof" to be used with watches, which many countries have adopted.

Water-resistance is achieved by the gaskets which forms a watertight seal, used in conjunction with a sealant applied on the case to help keep water out. The material of the case must also be tested in order to pass as water-resistant.

None of the tests defined by ISO 2281 for the Water Resistant mark are suitable to qualify a watch for scuba diving. Such watches are designed for everyday life and must be water-resistant during exercises such as swimming. They can be worn in different temperature and pressure conditions but are under no circumstances designed for scuba diving.[citation needed]

The standards for diving watches are regulated by the ISO 6425 international standard. The watches are tested in static or still water under 125% of the rated (water) pressure, thus a watch with a 200-metre rating will be water-resistant if it is stationary and under 250 metres of static water. The testing of the water-resistance is fundamentally different from non-dive watches, because every watch has to be fully tested. Besides water resistance standards to a minimum of 100-metre depth rating ISO 6425 also provides eight minimum requirements for mechanical diver's watches for scuba diving (quartz and digital watches have slightly differing readability requirements). For diver's watches for mixed-gas saturation diving two additional requirements have to be met.[citation needed]

Watches are classified by their degree of water resistance, which roughly translates to the following (1 metre = 3.281 feet):

Some watches use bar instead of meters, which may then be multiplied by 10, and then subtract 10 to be approximately equal to the rating based on metres. Therefore, a 5 bar watch is equivalent to a 40-metre watch. Some watches are rated in atmospheres (atm), which are roughly equivalent to bar.

There is a traditional method by which an analog watch can be used to locate north and south. The Sun appears to move in the sky over a 24-hour period while the hour hand of a 12-hour clock face takes twelve hours to complete one rotation. In the northern hemisphere, if the watch is rotated so that the hour hand points toward the Sun, the point halfway between the hour hand and 12 o'clock will indicate south. For this method to work in the southern hemisphere, the 12 is pointed toward the Sun and the point halfway between the hour hand and 12 o'clock will indicate north. During daylight saving time, the same method can be employed using 1 o'clock instead of 12. This method is accurate enough to be used only at fairly high latitudes.

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< SUGA's Notes > 🎵 #BTS #방탄소년단 #BTS_BE #BTS_Telepathy #잠시
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I know some of y'all basics love Friends, but can we please stop talking about it? Shit ended almost 20 years ago. Watch some new shit
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الهجيني الاصيل قبيلة عنزه بصوت يبكــــي الحجر @قناة بنت الشيوخ الوايليه via @YouTube
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RT @NASA: 50 years ago today, Alan Shepard, the 1st American in space, headed to the Moon with Stuart Roosa and Edgar Mitchell on Apollo 14…
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RT @NFL: Marshawn broke his chair celebrating the INT 😂 #ProBowl WATCH LIVE:
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RT @France24_ar: ▶️ عشرات القتلى والجرحى إثر تفجيرين لسيارتين مفخختين بشمال سوريا
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Quiero el Samsung S21 GRATIS de @TecnonautaTV → #S21GRATIS
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RT @allstreetbets: Elon Musk wouldn't just break the internet. He will break the world with any mention of #Dogecoin tonight. Watch
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Speaking on #AatmanirbharBharatKaBudget. Watch.
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< RM's Notes > 🎵 #BTS #방탄소년단 #BTS_BE #LifeGoesOn
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You asked (begged, pleaded, cried?) and we answered: SEVENTEEN is here! Watch @pledis_17 pair off and try their ver…
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RT @NCT_OFFICIAL_JP: ⏱CHENLE : 9-10PM|NCT 24hr RELAY CAM #NCT_24hr_RELAYCAM #CHENLE #RELAYCAM #24hr_RELAYCAM #N…
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RT @AKARI_SATO_1109: 昨年開催された愛知でのテニスイベントの様子が、 2月5日にテニスラウンジパコちゃんネルにてアップされます!お楽しみに〜
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RT @torisan_gakkyu: どーも鳥さんです。 以前予告しました、あのレモンサワーを、元気よく!呑んでみようとしてみます! では、はっじまるよー。 鳥海 #鳥さん学級
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why do work when u can watch twilight and play stardew valley
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RT @BamBam1A:
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RT @NCTsmtown: ⏱CHENLE : 9-10PM|NCT 24hr RELAY CAM #NCT_24hr_RELAYCAM #CHENLE #RELAYCAM #24hr_RELAYCAM #NCT #NC…
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RT @TonsTweetings: iOS 14.5 เบต้ามาแล้ว ปลดล็อคเครื่องแม้จะใส่หน้ากากอยู่ได้ แต่ต้องมี Apple Watch ส่วนคนใช้สองซิมสามารถต่อ 5G พร้อมกันสองเ…
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RT @TeRry_p: iOS 14.5 ตัวใหม่ที่กำลังจะมามี feature ใหม่ที่จะช่วยสำหรับสถานการณ์ covid ตอนนี้ด้วย ซึ่งนั้นก็คือ เราสามารถ unlock iPhone ไ…
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RT @MobGideons: QUIT trying to NERF THE FUCKING WORLD...if something "offends" you... Dont: Watch it, read it, drink it, listen to it. etc.…
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アキさん黒いモレリア2履いてるな((( ;゚Д゚)))
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RT @kyoto_honnouji: 本能寺ナイトツアー』配信のお知らせ 2月6日(土)~2月12日(金)の期間【Streaming+(配信)】にて、 『本能寺ナイトツアー ~僧侶が語る教科書に載らない"本能寺の変"~』が配信されます。 予告編・視聴チケットの詳細を本能寺…
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RT @desktopscloud: 🎓 Daniel Sol is explaining Azure Image Builder (#AIB) - the high-level architecture before kicking off an episode with l…
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RT @JATBMFilm: Watch the new trailer for @JATBMFilm coming to theaters and streaming exclusively on HBO Max February 12.
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राम राज में महंगा पेट्रोल जबकि रावण राज में सस्ता; बीजेपी सांसद का बड़ा ब... via @YouTube
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< Jung Kook's Notes > 🎵 #BTS #방탄소년단 #BTS_BE #BTS_Stay
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< Jimin's Notes > 🎵 #BTS #방탄소년단 #BTS_BE #Dis_ease #병
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RT @kimokute: まずは、これ観て学習しよう❗️ ↓ 国会議員は毎月、領収書なして文通費100万使える。 株などの所得はいくら稼いでも一律で税率が低いため、所得の多い人が低税率。(頑張ってこなかったのが悪いと言いながら…
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RT @PueyoIgnacio: @UnaiSordo DIMITE @CCOO #FijezaYA Mirad el vídeo, NO QUEDARÉIS IMPUNES
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RT @G_I_DLE: [📽] (여자)아이들((G)I-DLE), Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike - 'HWAA (Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike Remix)' Audio Teaser #여자아이들 #GIDLE #Dimi…
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死亡脅迫を受け アンティファを暴露した作家が英国に避難 @YouTubeより
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@elvisthomas8 @LouDPhillips Know what happened in August 2005. Davis antenna left my antenna on the ground for mont…
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RT @hiro86239761: 今日も一日、お疲れ様でした。また明日お会いしましょう。では、おやすみなさい。👋🌛✨ Beatles - Boys [FULL HD] w/ lyrics @YouTubeより
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(・ω・☆) 「目覚めは人生を楽にするのですか? 」エックハルト・トール “目覚めた人”は  、もはや自分の人生に完璧な条件を求めることはしません。幸福や満足感は条件によってもたらされる必要がないのです。 
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RT @ManUtdInPidgin: Na Jesse Lingard for West Ham [loan watch]: 2 shots from inside box 2 goals Omo!!! 🔥 #MUFC 🔴⚫️ #MUIP
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RT @cockandcolas: 🎬 🆕 🅿🆁🅴🅼🅸🅴🆁🅴 𝘿𝙄𝙀𝙂𝙊 𝘼𝙉𝘿 𝙅𝙊𝙃𝙉𝙉𝙔 🄿🄰🅁🅃 𝟭/𝟭𝟬. ♥️ & 🔃 to watch the whole scene. ⚠️ 𝗗𝗠 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝗣𝗔𝗜𝗗 𝗣𝗥𝗢𝗠𝗢 ⚠️ 💵💰
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RT @GUKnights: Check out @guacrotumbling on National Girls and Women in Sports Day. Acrobatics and Tumbling is part of the NCAA emerging…
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RT @hoje_no: "Aqui não atracarão!"
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@JosephNollaSJ That's not what's happening now. Now, only white people can be racist, and only very racist and oppr…
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RT @a_salta_nte: Fiz um Cover com a minha irmã, da música I Don't Know My Name da Grace VanderWaal. Espero que gostem <3
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RT @LBMSwrestling: Please watch the video below, which outlines the procedures for our upcoming season. Wave Wrestling will find a way!🌊…
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@ScottyStops @ash_gibbsblues That's why I put how to win at the end so people have to watch the whole thing lol. Algorithms
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RT @ObamaFoundation: After an extensive federal regulatory review, we are excited to announce the Obama Presidential Center will break grou…
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REQUEST @arashi5official @MTV #FridayLivestream I want to watch ARASHI's "Turning Up" MV. ARASHI 。:°ஐ*。:°ʚ♥ɞ*。:°…
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< V's Notes > 🎵 #BTS #방탄소년단 #BTS_BE #BlueAndGrey
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At 10:30pm ET Feb 6th, tune in on Instagram live to watch me DREAM a @Coorslight and @CoorsSeltzerUS Big Game comme…
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RT @MUKTAKUMARIGUP2: Did PM Modi Insult National Flag On Yoga Day ? via @YouTube
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RT @AngelArtsbiz: New show and brand new gameschooling curriculum! Watch our unboxing!
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Lil Peep - Runaway (Official Video) via @YouTube @Tweet4nita
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Top Luxury Business Woman's Wrist Watch #watchess #watcheslovers
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RT @Palmeiras: “Chama no English!” 😂 No nosso primeiro dia no Catar, passamos pelas gravações da @FIFAcom e você confere todos os detalhes…
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I should watch true beauty I finally think I'm interested in it
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RT @maetheactivist: what pushes you to watch 17 seasons of mfs in a hospital ?
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RT @taylormomsen: Our video for “And So It Went (feat. @tmorello)” is out now 👑 Watch it here:
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RT @FadaianA: تلویزیون دمکراسی شورایی چهارشنبه 15 بهمن 1399 برابر با 3 فوریه 2021
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RT @FireComps: FOLLOW & RT🔥WIN A JACK NOWELL LIMITED EDITION OLIVIER MEYLAN WATCH RRP £299.00🔥 Limited edition @nowellsy15 watch - only 10…
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This is delicious.........Fox News, Trump allies sued for $2.7B over election disinformation via @YouTube
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@B0XEDLIKEAFISH any of mrbeasts would be pretty reliable and would probably make parents have a pretty good opinion on what you watch
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RT @gunmasafari: 今日から一般公開ラマの赤ちゃん 【 ラマ 】【 群馬サファリパーク 】 @YouTubeより 気に入ったらチャンネル登録お願いします。続きはYouTubeチャンネルで
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@Txriqs_ You’re fine without any shows bruh, it’s for people who have nothing to watch etc, you’d probably find it sick too
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@YoungMcCutty @SweetCheeks1122 Seeeeeee lmaooooo. They trying to get the ratings back up. Last season was solid, bu…
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Peoria Fire-Medical is on scene of multiple vehicle accident on 75th Ave north of Olive Ave.Please, avoid the area…
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@meerah11_ Take Me Away by The Driver Era, if you like it I can recommend more songs by them
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< j-hope's Notes > 🎵 #BTS #방탄소년단 #BTS_BE #Dis_ease #병
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RT @PaperRoomMx: @sophiacband nos revela algunos detalles sobre el primer sencillo de su nuevo álbum, el cual saldrá los primeros días de f…
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RT @soli0n: in this photos, i coded it so me and my dog decided to watch manhunt together #ManhuntMovie #MinecraftManhunt
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RT @nehaltyagi08: How to organize Anti-India pr0test? [SATIRE]- Part 1 (Full video on YouTube
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Another good one from the new album. Foo Fighters - Love Dies Young (Visualizer) via @YouTube
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can’t wait to be in a serious relationship and force my partner to watch me play skyrim and have running commentary…
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개빡침을 달래주는...😌
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@JoshuaHol The Ebelyn Woodhead Literary Society. And maybe that MyPillow idiot.
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RT @itsnicktendo: when you wanna watch Kid Cosmic but you don't have Netflix
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RT @eeddeennxo: New video out now - Dad does my makeup 😂🤣😂 every like, comment & share is appreciated 🥺❤️
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RT @AleksSvetski: PLEASE watch this 😂😂😂😂😂
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RT @Nerdrotics: WandaVision REACTION | The MCU | Disney Star Wars | Friday Night Tights with @EricDJuly The LADS @OdinsMovieBlog @ComixDi…
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RT @pc_watch: AMD、ついにハイエンドでも攻勢に。勢力図が一気に変わり激戦突入のビデオカードの実力チェック!
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Why have I been a emotional omfg I cry at everything I watch
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RT @bodcast_seen: #بودكاست_سين هل فكرتم في يوم بأنكم تعيشون حياة مزيفة ؟ استمعوا إلى البودكاست لمعرفة ما هي الحياة المزيفة التي نعيشها وك…
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RT @jonathanrea: Here’s a laugh for your Friday night. Watch me get smoked in the finals of the Arai visor change challenge. Now live on my…
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RT @nikamonchi2: aether: the Abyss Herald.. sounds dangerous. gotta watch out. Dainsleif: SNNNIIFF #GenshinImpact #原神 #Dainsleif
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This Lindsay Lohan interview on David Letterman in 2013 is horrifying to watch now.
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[#방탄밤] 촬영장에 나타난 귀여운 방해꾼은 누구?? (
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【『鬼滅の刃』遊郭編 2021年 テレビアニメ化決定!】 次なる舞台は鬼の棲む“遊郭”── 第1弾PV、ティザービジュアルを公開いたしました。 ▼TVアニメ「鬼滅の刃」遊郭編 第1弾PV 2021年放送開始…
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RT @NCT_OFFICIAL_JP: 〖NCT 127 LOVEHOLIC〗 💿 ➫ 2021.02.17 「gimme gimme」 🎞このあと18時、MVプレミア公開 #NCT127_gimmegimme #ギミギミ…
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RT @NCT_OFFICIAL_JP: 〖NCT 127 LOVEHOLIC〗 💿 ➫ 2021.02.17 「gimme gimme」 🎞このあと18時、MVプレミア公開 #NCT127_gimmegimme #ギミギミ…
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RT @sinoalice_jp: 【#生シノアリス 先行情報!】 2/17 21:00より配信する、公式生放送のプログラムを先行公開!当日は #転スラ 声優陣もビデオレターで出演!当日をお楽しみに! ▼ゲスト(敬称略) #M・A・O #上田麗奈 #シノアリス転スラコラボ…
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RT @Say_U_Play: 【#島﨑信長×#松岡禎丞】の #SayUPlay いかがでしたか✨ たくさんご応募頂きありがとうございます🙌💕 こちらの締切日を2/18(木)とさせて頂きます。 まだの方はぜひご応募ください! 応募方法は動画概要まで👀 プレゼント企画動画はこち…
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RT @ChangThaw: Here is what Myanmar Military doing to citizens.
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@nct_127 @NCTsmtown_127 NCT 127 GIMME GIMME MV 🔗 #NCT127_gimmegimme #NCT127 💚 @NCT_OFFICIAL_JP @NCTsmtown_127
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RT @ROLLING_KPOP: 📌 BEHIND THE SCENE #KIM_WOO_SEOK 💚 Watch 3 full videos 💚 👉👉 Full behind will be uploaded on NEW…
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RT @NCT_OFFICIAL_JP: 〖NCT 127 LOVEHOLIC〗 💿 ➫ 2021.02.17 「gimme gimme」 🎞このあと18時、MVプレミア公開 #NCT127_gimmegimme #ギミギミ…
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RT @nijisanji_app: 【ぷちさんじ】の新作を公開! にじさんじの「ぷちさんじ」 アンジュのグッズが景品のオンラインクレーンゲームに挑戦する葛葉。 ヒートアップして叫んだ言葉を言質にして弄ぶアンジュにタジタジ・・・ フル版はコチラから!▽
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RT @NCT_OFFICIAL_JP: 〖NCT 127 LOVEHOLIC〗 💿 ➫ 2021.02.17 「gimme gimme」 🎞このあと18時、MVプレミア公開 #NCT127_gimmegimme #ギミギミ…
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RT @official_izone: [#ENOZI_C] IZ*ONE 에너지 캠(ENOZI Cam) EP.88 🖇 #IZONE #아이즈원 #アイズワン #ENOZI_Cam #에너지_캠
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RT @smcnc_studio: [#WayVision2] 하얀 설원 위 뜨거운 승부❕ WayVision 2❕❕ 추위를 잊은 일곱 멤버들의 예측불허 동계스포츠 ! 🥶🏂 WayV 7인의 반전 매력 대방출! 😎 👉🏻
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Merkel und Söder: Osterurlaub fällt flach (gestern). Müller (Berlin, heute): Osterurlaub könnte möglich sein. Welco…
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RT @NCT_OFFICIAL_JP: 〖NCT 127 LOVEHOLIC〗 💿 ➫ 2021.02.17 「gimme gimme」 🎞このあと18時、MVプレミア公開 #NCT127_gimmegimme #ギミギミ…
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RT @CHUNGHA_MNHent: CHUNG HA The 1st Studio Album [ Querencia ] 'Bicycle' MV ▶ 2021. 02. 15. 6PM (KST) 2021. 02.…
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RT @ddukINSEO: 🚨🚨MEWLIONS🚨🚨 Please do not just RT articles. Open and read them. That engagement is very important! If GOOD DAY MV is also…
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今週の動画を投稿しました。 ジグザグマチームの新たなる船出です
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Cartier, Rolex, Audemars Piguet, Omega... Que vaut votre montre vintage en cette fin d'année ?
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RELOJES SENCILLOS EN COLORES METÁLICOS Nada que un reloj clásico pueda resolver. Si tienes un estilo natural y cómodo, incorpora como uno de tus accesorios un reloj como estos. No lleva nada de aplicaciones y puedes usarlo con distintos atuendos después.
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apple watch band and case
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Gold women's watch - Gold stainless steel strap | The Boxy | Rosefield Watches
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Women's Wrist Watch Diamond Watch Gold Watch Japanese Quartz Stainless Steel Gold 30 m Creative New Design Punk Analog Ladies Luxury Fashion - Gold Silver Gold / Silver / White Two Years Battery Life 2019 - Rs. 2249
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Chanel bracelet watch.
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love this watch. love the bracelet even more!
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DeWitt, pour les Nouveaux Empereurs
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The Devon Tread 1 is a relatively new watch design by Devon Works, a California based watchmaker with a penchant for unique timepieces.
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class // watch, black band, minimalist watch, #brathwait, mens style, menswear
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1960 Grand Seiko
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Could Motorola's new Moto 360 rival the Apple Watch? The newest smartwatch comes with a much sleeker and stylish look—without the bulkiness of most wearable tech pieces. The watch can be custom-designed in leather or metal, in gold, roseg old, silver and black options, with prices starting at $300. Motorola Moto 360, starting at $299, motorola.com. - HarpersBAZAAR.com
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Konstantin Chaykin Lunokhod Prime Watch Hands-On - by Ariel Adams - Read more and see the full photo gallery on aBlogtoWatch.com "I would venture to say that the Russian-made Konstantin Chaykin Lunokhod Prime is one of the most interesting watches in the world. Timepieces such as this really are much more than the sum of their parts from a description of the design. This is the stuff that helps define entire genres and sets the tone for other watch making regions...."
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Inspired by days spent in the sun by the water and followed by evenings of indulgence. The Jane carries a delicate 22mm oval case, sky blue mother of pearl dial and gold-plated stainless steel bracelet that fastens with a jewelry clasp. An effortlessly elegant and classic style.
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Chopard​ L.U.C Quattro Watch Review - by Ariel Adams - see the hands-on photos, video review, & read more on aBlogtoWatch.com "Chopard L.U.C collection watches are named for the brand's founder and represent their highest effort timepieces produced at a special facility in Switzerland. This is often the case with brands who produce luxury watches at various price points, as more high-volume watches are produced at one facility, while more complex and higher-end models are produced at another..."
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horloge met fijne armbanden #Watches #Accessoires #Fashion
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Here's what our jewelry editor is lusting after this Chanel Watch
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Roger Dubuis Hommage Millesime Unique Pocket Watch Watch Releases
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Chanel
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The Best New Luxury Watches and Fine Jewelry - Designer Watches and Fine Jewelry for Fall 2015
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DeWitt, pour les Nouveaux Empereurs
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Chopard​ L.U.C Quattro Watch Review - by Ariel Adams - see the hands-on photos, video review, & read more on aBlogtoWatch.com "Chopard L.U.C collection watches are named for the brand's founder and represent their highest effort timepieces produced at a special facility in Switzerland. This is often the case with brands who produce luxury watches at various price points, as more high-volume watches are produced at one facility, while more complex and higher-end models are produced at another...
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pιnтereѕт: мarιe12890
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Years ago, when the Apple Watch craze first started taking shape, I remember thinking how crazy it was to need another phone permanently attached to your wrist. The idea of a fitness tracker that was… The post My Apple Watch: Was It Worth It? appeared first on Diary of a Bryncess.
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A perfect complement for your watch. Stand out with our stylish bangles, wear them on their own or combine them together! STAINLESS STEEL NO TARNISH OR RUST HYPOALLERGENIC
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Disney Herausforderung mit 54 Filmtiteln gegen Langeweile zu Hause
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Our square faced Esther watch is the perfect addition for your outfit of the day. Tap below to view the full collection.
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Modetrends im Alltag: Off-White-Nuancen deine Chance auf eine personalisierte Chloé Tasche
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Connaissez-vous la manufacture DeWitt ? C’est réellement à l’occasion de la Watchfair Luxembourg 2016 que j’ai découvert cette belle maison horlogère lorsque son modèle Academia Mathematical y a décroché le Prix du Design. Cette montre à heures et minutes sautantes est également la 4e d’une série de Concept Watches, fer de lance d’une collection de 400 modèles débutée il …
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New design launched! You stylish ladies are at the heart of everything we do! We’ve appreciated your feedback and support so much and have designed another statement piece with you in mind. We hope you love it, too. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ #designedinSF #designerapplewatchband #applewatchjewelry #entrepreneursofInstagram #femalefounders #inspired #styleatwork #sheboss #womenatwork #jewelry #accessories #mompreneurs #entrepreneurship #applewatchstyle #applewatch #applewatchaccessories #appleaccessories
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class // watch, black band, minimalist watch, #brathwait, mens style, menswear ...repinned für Gewinner! - jetzt gratis Erfolgsratgeber sichern www.ratsucher.de
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bemalte steine ideen
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DIY: Vogelhaus selber bauen kann man gut als Tetrapak Upcycling. Das Milchtüten Vogelhaus kann individuell gestaltet werden und eignet sich gut als Gartendeko. Je nach Anspruch und Design lässt sich das Tetrapack Vogelhaus mit Kindern basteln.
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Naan Brot aus Indien darf auf keiner Grillparty fehlen, aber auch als Beilage oder zu Dips schmeckt dieses Brot sehr lecker. Dieses einfache Rezept ist schnell zubereitet und schmeckt sehr lecker. #naanbrot #brot #indien #fladenbrot #rezept #lecker
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watch Pinterest Ideas
  • watches women
  • watches for men
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  • watchmen
  • watches for men luxury
  • watch design
  • watches for girls wrist
Jun 22, 2020 10:37
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Fake Love🖤 #world #watch #workout #wedding #explore #excited #e #enjoy ##trending #travelphotography #nature #tv #followforfollowback #foodstagram #famous #followers #feliz #fitness #instagram_photo #instagram #instagood #instafashion #photography #photoshoot #love #legend #marketing #mood #memes #youtubers @beingsalmankhan @amitabhbachchan @badboyshah @jackiechan @tigerjackieshroff @carryminati @wardakhannadiadwala @parineetichopra @dishapatani @pqueen.8 @jannatzubair29 @therock @reem_sameer8 @amirsiddiqui786 @samantharuthprabhuoffl @bananonina_papoi
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#photoshoot #enjoy #workout #watch #fitness
Jun 22, 2020 10:37
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Fashion jewelry packaging box There-China jewelry packaging factory-we can OEM your box/bags/pouches What you want is cheap, very good quality and luxurious design, mass production. Global terminal jewelry box manufacturing suppliers from China #jewelry #fashion #pouches #watch #ring #earring #pendant #necklace #bracelet #cufflink #jewelrybox #watchbox #packaging #paperbags
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#ring #earring #packaging #necklace #watch
Jun 22, 2020 10:37
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#Noblesse_워치나우 세상에서 가장 얇은 기계식 워치를 선보이고, 자연에서 영감받은 하이 주얼리로 우리의 마음을 훔칩니다. 스위스의 작은 마을에서 시작해 울트라 씬 워치의 강자가 된 피아제. 노블레스 유튜브 #노블레스티비 에서 피아제의 시작과 미래를 이야기합니다. 더 자세한 영상은 유튜브에서 확인하세요. - 👩🏻‍💻 이아현 🎨 부성수 #피아제 #노블레스 #Piaget #Noblesse
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#noblesse_워치나우 #noblesse #piaget
Jun 22, 2020 10:37
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Let Beesister makes your time more memorable 😍 Sale 50% Off for the first 50 customers Buy 1 get 1 free bracelet, direct us to order now! #classicperfection #class #classy #watch #watches #watchph #watchphilippines #watchmanila #watchnerd #watchessentials #classic #classicwatch #minimalist #style #fashion #vsco #vscocam #instagood #jewelry #shopping
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#minimalist #shopping #classic #jewelry #watchph
Jun 22, 2020 10:37
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The 5170 was Patek’s first complete in-house standard chronograph wristwatch, despite being released as recently as 2010. What other unexpected facts about watchmakers do you know? For more on this watch, click the link in our bio! ⠀ ⠀ ⠀ ⠀ #Watchfinder #Watch #Watches #WatchOfTheDay #LuxuryWatch #LuxuryWatches #Horology #Timepiece #Watchnerd #Luxury #Style #Timepieces #Watchesofinstagram #Picoftheday #Watchfam #Watchoftheday #Watchaddict #Instadaily #Watchgeek #Watchessentials #Swiss #Rolex
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#watchnerd #timepiece #luxurywatches #instadaily #luxurywatch
Jun 22, 2020 10:37
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Nowoczesny wygląd połączony z klasyczną elegancją ⌚️👔 To wszystko znajdziesz w naszych propozycjach męskich zegarków 🧔 Znajdź swój model na 👉 https://www.leksusgold.pl/zegarki/meskie Podkreśl męski styl razem z LeksusGold 🤵 #zegarek #zegarki #dzienojca #tata #tataisyn #tataicorka #prezent #prezentdlataty #prezentoddziecka #watch #smartwatch #garett #orientstar #maseratiwatch #balticuswatches #timberlandwatch #casiowatch #biżuteria #złoto #585 #srebro925 #stalszlachetna #polska
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#zegarki #prezent #stalszlachetna #garett #orientstar
Jun 22, 2020 10:38
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Titanic film müziği olarak bildiğimiz My Heart Will Go On Celine Dion'un eşsiz yorumuyla sizlerle. . . Seyircilerin katıldığı şarkıların hastasıyız. . . #freddymercury #queen #liveaid #bohemianrhapsody #bohemian #şarkı #sarki #müzik #muzik #sing #song #dinle #canlı #live #konser #concert #watch #izle #harika #titanic #titanik #celine #celinedion #music #musicians #musically
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#song #izle #bohemian #queen #harika
Jun 22, 2020 10:37
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Happy to be part of this Watch IG community! Grateful for the support!! Thanks! 🇩 🇦 🇾 🇹 🇴 🇳 🇦 1⃣1⃣6⃣5⃣0⃣0⃣🦍❗ ⚜👑𝔻ℝ𝕀𝕍𝔼ℝ👑⚜ . . . . . #rolexdaytona #rolex #rolexwatch #116500ln #timepiece #watchesofinstagram #watches #watchoftheday #watch #watchcollector #watchuseek #watchfam #wristcandy #watchaddict #watchcollection #horology #toolwatch #dailywatch #rolexaholics #wristwatch #wristporn #wristshot #swissmade #watchphotography #instawatch #wristgame #cosmograph #cosmographdaytona #116500 #watchaddict
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#watch #watchaddict #instawatch #watchoftheday #watchesofinstagram
Jun 22, 2020 10:38
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Fashion jewelry packaging box There-China jewelry packaging factory-we can OEM your box/bags/pouches What you want is cheap, very good quality and luxurious design, mass production. Global terminal jewelry box manufacturing suppliers from China #jewelry #fashion #pouches #watch #ring #earring #pendant #necklace #bracelet #cufflink #jewelrybox #watchbox #packaging #paperbags
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#paperbags #pouches #watchbox #earring #fashion
Jun 22, 2020 10:38
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- #marketing #c #art #print #marketingdigital #fashion #love #tiktok #original #drawing #like #empreendedorismo #follow #content #photography #copywritingtips #digital #shoes #scan #watch #tekstschrijver #yourself #digitalmarketing #instagram #advertising #m #bhfyp #copywriting #fortnite #Animals
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#fortnite #marketing #content #watch #shoes